Budapest-Hungary

Budapest which is divided by the Danube River is one of the most spectacular spot in the world.

History of Hungary

 

Hungary is an European country that has an area of 93030 sq kms. It is bordered with Slovakia on the North, Romania on the Southeast, Ukraine on the Northeast, Slovenia on the South and Austrians on the West. Its capital is Budapest and has a population of around 9,909,000 inhabitants as per 2013. The main religion followed by people of Hungarian is Catholic.

 

 

Hungary, for most of its history included the territory that now comprises Yugoslavia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia and Ukraine. Hungary was a part of Austrian Habsburg empire in 16th century and until the end of the first world war in 16 and 17 centuries, it was mostly under Turkish domination.

 Here is the Detailed History of this Country :-

409 AD Huns capture Aquincum:-

Aquincum, located in the north of modern Budapest is a thriving capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia and close to it is a Roman military camp. Huns captured Aquincum in 409 AD and then control of the city was passed to the Goths, Lombards and Avars.

 

896 Arpad leads Magyars in Pannonia:-

 

In 896, Prince Arpad Magyars led tribe. Prince once lived in the Urals and settled the region east of the Tisza, Pannonia. Initially, the Magyars settled in the middle of Danube island Csepel in south of modern Budapest and then in Obuda which in Hungarian means "Old Buda".

 

1000 Coronation of Stephen:-

Istvan (Stephen) became the first Magyar ruler who converted into Christianity. For this, merit Pope crowned him king. Istvan strengthened Arpad dynasty which ruled over the next 300 years.

 

Starting in 1687 the Habsburg era:-

Habsburgs came to the power of cunning Hungary rather than military force. Their power was firmly established in 1687 after the liberation of Hungary from Turkish occupation when the Hungarians refused pravaizbirat kings in favour of Habsburgs.

 376groot.jpg

 

1849 Chain Bridge connects Buda and Pest:-

Chain Bridge, the first permanent bridge across the Danube designed by Englishman William Tierney Clark and built by Scotsman Adam Clark. Completion of the bridge in 1849 made possible the unification of Buda, Obuda and Pest which occurred about 20 years later.

1916 Charles VI becomes the last king of Hungary:-

After the death of Emperor Franz Joseph, King of Hungary was Karl VI. In November 1918, Karl abdicated and then tried to regain his crown but after the fall of the communist government. Bela Kun was exiled and died on the island of Madeira in 1922.

   budapestghettowall.jpg

 

1944 Budapest ghetto:-

In 1944, Nazis and their Hungarian allies have collected more than 70 thousand Jews in ghettos around the Great Synagogue. More than 20 thousand of them died but the remaining 50 thousand Soviet troops were released on February 1945.

1956 Hungarian uprising:-

 

From 1945-1948, Hungary existed democracy and a multi-party system but by 1948, the Communists ousted rivals and seized power. Government headed by Matyas Rakosi created a political system modelled on the USSR. The method of repression has eliminated all possible opponents. Reformist wing of the party led by Imre Nagy 'After Stalin's died in 1953 attempted to carry out de-Stalinization Hungarian political life but in 1953, Nagy was deposed.

In October 1956, a popular revolution again brought him to power. On November 4 just 18 days after his appointment, Soviet troops occupied Hungary and crushed the new regime. Nagy was arrested and executed in 1958.
 

1989 bloodless end of the Hungarian People's Republic:-

 

Anticipating the changes that will soon revolutionize the whole of Eastern Europe, in February 1989, the Hungarian Communist authorities sanctioned the emergence of opposition political parties. In January 1990, first elections were held in the country.

 

2004 Hungary joins the European Union:-

After ten years of negotiations on June 1, 2004, Hungary became a member of European Union. This event welcomed by the majority of the population with a few days of celebration around the country. Back in 1999, Hungary became a member of NATO.





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